American Made

When you hear the word “designer” the first thing that usually pops in to your mind is most likely the word Paris; more often than not, the most well-known and respected designers are from glamorous countries in Europe that are flowing with artisan and history. Names like Yves Saint Laurent, Hermes, and Gucci are spoken so highly of and are revered as the best of the best. Many times American women feel like they lack the luxury of the European way of life or feel like it does not mesh with their lifestyle.

If you feel this way, you are mistaken! The United States have produced some of the most incredible fashion and handbag designers in the entire world. “Shopping Local” has become a huge craze within the last couple of years. While Arizona may not necessarily be the hub of fashion, America is! There are countless designers which are from the beautiful red, white and blue country and here is a guide to the best in the nation:

Betsey Johnson

The queen of quirky, Betsey Johnson is best known for her whimsical and playful designs. She never shies away from fun and adventurous patterns and takes them to the next level with unique detail work. While many people may consider her work to be “over the top” or “outrageous” she most definitely has an eye for the unique. If you are looking for a fun bag that is sure to be a head turner, then she is your lady!

Michael Kors

While Johnson is the queen, Kors is most certainly the king. His designs are some of the most classic that are available. No matter the season, his designs are flawlessly executed and are lusted after by a majority of the female population. With a passion for American sportswear styling, Kors has become one of the biggest inspirations of many international fashion designers and is esteemed as one of the top designers of all time. If you are a chic dame that has a passion for clean lines and neutral tones then point your sites towards him!


Coach is without a doubt the leader in leather luxury bags and accessories. Their signature logo has been the desire of many women since their inception. While they have undergone a few makeovers, their easy to carry shapes and sturdy designs make them a staple in the industry. With their heavy focus on leather, it is no wonder women feel magnificent walking around town with their Coach bag in hand. One of the best aspects of their bags is their overall appeal to the masses, both young and old. To be able to entice all walks of life is a unique trait that many designers have not mastered. If leather is your fabric of choice, then you have no better brand to choose from than Coach!

Kate Spade

Kate Spade’s designs are undoubtedly some of the most delicate and feminine out there. Her simplistic styling and vibrant color choices are perfect for any dainty and lady-like woman from New York to L.A and everything in between. From fruity prints to stripes and gold accents, Spade has found her niche in handbags. Women of all ages flock to her styles for they are vibrant and energetic while remaining professional. If you are searching for the perfect mix of young and mature, then Kate Spade is the way to go!

No matter what your style is, American designers are sure to tickle your fancy. You do not always have to ship in the latest and highest couture brand from Europe in order to obtain opulence in your life. Shopping American is the best and easiest way to support your country, your kinsmen, and your wardrobe!

African American Women Empowered: Successful Business Careers, Successful Marketing Careers

Oprah Winfrey may be an American Icon, and yes, she is certainly the queen at marketing herself when it comes to a being a household name in American Culture, but she is only one of the many successful African-American women in business today. Successful African-American women hold key positions in many incredibly high-profile businesses, and yet their names are not one-word monikers, such as “Oprah.” Are these women less interested in marketing themselves than Oprah, or are they marketing themselves in a different manner?

There has been an incredible shift in the business world with regard to positions that Black women are holding. Although these women are not household names from a marketing standpoint, the companies for whom they work certainly are. Surely, you’ve heard of Xerox, Ralph Lauren, Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs, the Rams, the Cardinals? Now meet the powerful women who help run some of the most highly recognized corporations in America.

Ursula Burns, CEO and President of Xerox.
Ursula grew up in the projects of Delancy St., in New York and started her career with Xerox in 1980. In 2000, she was recruited for the position of Vice President of Corporate Strategic Services and took on a bigger role in product development and marketing. In 2007, she was named President of Xerox, and in 2009 was named Chief Executive Officer.

Amy Ellis-Simon, Managing Director Merrill Lynch
Amy began her career at Merrill Lynch as a college intern in 1994. She is the first African-American woman to be named Managing Director at Merrill Lynch. She is the co-founder of Global Markets and Investment Banking Women’s Leadership Council and Three Sisters Scholarship Foundation.

Ardrian E. Bracy, currently the CEO of the St. Louis YWCA, formerly Controller for the Miami Dolphins
Quite frankly, Adrian’s career has been so successful, she could use her own page! She was formerly the CEO of the Arizona Cardinals and has in excess of 20 years of various senior management finance experience with the Miami Dolphins/Joe Robbins Stadium, and the St. Louis Rams. She has earned many prestigious awards, which include the African-American Women of Distinction Award and Black Enterprise 50 Most Powerful Black Women in Business awards.

Edith Cooper, Head of North American Hedge Fund Distribution, Goldman Sachs
Edith started her career at Goldman Sachs in 1996. In 1998, she was named Managing Director and in 2000, she became a partner at Goldman Sachs. Growing up in Manhattan, her aspirations included owning a fashion boutique on Madison Ave. She had her first child at 17 and says “My career started to progress when I had my first child…This is contrary to what most would believe…” Two more children later and a glass office with a breath-taking view of New York Harbor, she gives work “150%” of what she’s got.

Tracey Thomas-Travis, CFO, Senior Vice President of Finance, Polo Ralph Lauren
Ending her lucrative career as an executive with the Pepsi Bottling Group, Tracey has been the Senior Vice President of Finance and CFO with Ralph Lauren since 2005. According to figures posted by, compensation paid to Tracey in 2010 totaled in the “seven-figure range.” In terms of financial success, Tracey’s chosen career is way up there!

Obviously, there are far more than just these five African-American women who are successful in business and successful in marketing themselves and their talents. Black women, from small home-based business owners, to Mega Media Tycoons, have been greatly empowered by these success stories. One of the traits of these successful African-American women is that they tend to give back to their communities: they head charities, become mentors, start foundations, and generally do as much as they possibly can to empower other Black women in the pursuit of success.

Little Old Men and Little Old Ladies: Gatekeepers of Arizona

Too often little old men and little old ladies take the powerful position of being the gatekeepers in the state of Arizona. These little old people are responsible for the distribution of information to the masses, which is delivered in an old-fashioned way whereby people are often taught, educated, convinced, and influenced by word of mouth. Usually older Caucasian men and women are the deliverers of information; thus, they play a critical role as social agents for the public to learn about individuals, events, and places. More than in any other state that I have visited, these deliverers of cultural knowledge play the significant role of gatekeeper in the state of Arizona. Sometimes they even go as far as to call themselves researchers, storytellers, and recorders. In Arizona, the deliverers of cultural knowledge (the little old men and the little old ladies) not only play a role in influencing gatekeepers, but they also control the traditional gatekeepers (those in positions of power) through fear, power, and intimidation. Therefore, these deliverers of cultural knowledge become the gatekeepers themselves.

Here are two different definitions of gatekeepers:
(1) An individual who has some power due to his or her social position in which he or she can allow people to receive goods or not receive them.
(2) A person who controls access to groups, information, goods, scholarships and grants, rewards, services, and entertainment.

I have been in Arizona for some time and interviewed a number of residents here. This experience has led me to the belief that little old men and little old ladies have created a system that places them in more powerful positions than those in the traditional gatekeeper positions. This is problematic because many of the little old men and the little old ladies lack the cultural knowledge of a particular setting in which they are trying to exert influence. Some of these people may not be educated, and others may be a little misguided. Still others fuel their stories with fabrications and use their power to gain personal satisfaction. Some of these older people occasionally use self-defensive devices, such as hiring bullies, and they employ various publicly degrading techniques toward the traditional gatekeepers to get their points across. Too often a good man or a good woman winds up receiving a bad assessment from the little old men and the little old ladies who have ensured that such good people receive poor treatment from the community at large because of that negative assessment.

Often the community treats the stories told by gatekeepers as solid facts, which does not allow people to discover other versions of a particular story. The little old men and the little old ladies are experienced in providing the community with social profiles and social reports of persons, events, or places. This type of reporting is an act of employment-that is, the gathering of information about human actions with the goal of creating a coherent story. Some stories are exaggerations of a person’s worst actions and ignore the more positive attributes of a particular person. Therefore, a person’s character is reduced to a single presentation, or interpretation, by others. The community keeps such a person locked into one assessment of character and does not allow for other discoveries to surface.

For example, I met a waitress in Arizona who has a master’s degree in business but is unable to exhibit the knowledge and skills she has attained from her discipline, as the men in the bar just want her to pose and look pretty. Although she may have the skills and knowledge to uplift that place economically, she is pigeonholed into being a sexy character for entertainment.

Another example is the little old man who rushes into a retail store, bar, or public place minutes before a particular woman arrives for a job interview. The old man, who has the respect of the community, begins to malign the character of the interviewee, and in so doing, negatively influences the treatment of this job applicant. Thus, the applicant’s first interaction with someone in a position of power has been jeopardized. Next, a common character label may be assigned to her. In Arizona, these character labels are as follows: brutes, dommes (short for dominatrix), slaves, and pit bulls. A brute is a big strong person used for security protection. A domme is a strong woman with more power than other women. A slave is a person in an inferior position in the community. A pit bull is a person used in security but does not have the same power and status as a brute.


Many times the stories told by little old men and little old ladies are the only ones being recounted. These little old men and little old ladies have been around the community for some time, and they function as gossipers spreading their stories. Nevertheless, it is important to let other stories be heard and to allow people to make their own self-presentations. It cannot be overstressed that a community should always be open to new discoveries.

In our interactions, we should acknowledge the myriad narratives that may be created, and we should exhibit a willingness to hear something new. If the manager of that particular bar I mentioned earlier would take the time to listen to that employee with her business degree, he might learn how to improve business. For example, he might decide to promote that woman to assistant manager. The point is that we should maintain an open mind and not allow our thinking to be swayed by the slanted interpretations of little old people in the community.

Crazy Ladies – Woman Sent to the Arizona Territorial Asylum For the Insane For Nebulous Reasons

The Arizona Territory was the promised land for the young, the ambitious, the lawless, the temperate, the opportunist, and the daredevil. They arrived by trusty steed, shanks’ mare, or horse and buggy to carve a future in the hostile desert. A man’s vista was boundless.

Women, however, were pawns in a game of jeopardy. Their employment opportunities were limited to serving men in want of cooked meals, clean rooms, laundered garments, and recreation that women-starved males crave. An occasional spinster teacher or nurse ventured into the Territory, but the bulk of the female population fell into two camps: respectable matrons and all others.

Regardless of social status, these pioneer women were second-rate citizens, unable to vote and protect themselves against evil lurking in the hearts of men. The wise woman conducted herself with decorum. If married, she tended her household dutifully, obliged her family’s needs, and behaved modestly. Until 1886, the depressed, the nag, the afflicted, and the religious zealot were tolerated, burdens to the men they served.

But the opening of the Territorial Asylum for the Insane in Phoenix offered a diabolical alternative. Freedom from financial or emotional responsibility for a bothersome female was but a petition away. Woe be, thereafter, to women who roiled the waters either by design or disposition.

I learned of the horrendous treatment of women in Territorial Arizona by examining Applications for Commitment housed today in the Arizona State Archives and Public Records Office of the State Capitol. They document the incarceration of women whose depression and various stages of unbalance would be managed today with out-patient therapy and prescriptions.

Petitions for commitment were easily filed by any relative, friend, Territory official, or casual acquaintance. Within a single day, the subject could be apprehended, examined by court-appointed physicians, and delivered into the belly of the Asylum by a presiding judge. Records reveal that women whose behavior was influenced by pregnancy, the menstrual cycle, or menopause were victimized by family and physicians with a medieval understanding of normal female body functions.

Maria de la Bosch, 22, was judged to be insane by her husband, Arthur. The doctors agreed. They committed her on September 8, 1909 for depression from pregnancy and “lack of interest in things about the house.” In an earlier similar case, Joseph Dobson sent away his wife, Mabel, 38, on September 6, 1904, supported by the doctors’ evaluation that her depression and rambling speech were caused by childbirth. According to a marginal notation, she muttered throughout her examination that she “was going to Hell.”

And she did. Some women sent to the Asylum were short term inmates, while others survived months, even years, in dank cells, their ultimate tombs. No matter the term of confinement, all endured rough handling by unsympathetic attendants and an incessant cacophony of moans and piercing screams from fellow inmates.

Many women committed for mid-life depression owed their misfortune to exterior causes, not physical change. Two months after moving to Phoenix from New Mexico, Julie Barfoot, 41, was committed on June 28, 1911. The signs of homesickness she exhibited were interpreted by her husband, Malcolm, as “losing her mind.”

Anna Anderson Brown, 39, born in Sweden, had lived in Arizona four years when her husband, Jackson C. Brown, lost patience with her melancholy behavior. The doctors confirmed that she “cried and talked of wanting to go away to see her sister,” but they committed her on November 25, 1910 without addressing the homesickness and concern for distant family members that precipitated her depression.

Homesickness for Colorado caused the downfall of Betty Ann Hickman, 37, whose husband reported the onset of “mental attacks” and “irrational behavior” three months before he requested her commitment on June 29, 1903. Although the doctors observed nothing unusual during their examination, Betty’s husband left the courtroom free from a complaining and tearful wife.

Garrulous women fared no better than their melancholy sisters. Minnie Zion, 31, went to her doom on December 21, 1908, just in time for her husband, P. L. Zion, to celebrate Christmas and the New Year in footloose fashion, free from her “constant talking.” Likewise, Minnie J. Blount, 47, chattered her way into the Asylum. “Minnie talks incessantly…is very nervous, and does not sleep well,” complained her husband, F. A. Blount. The cause, he opined, was “mental worry.” Rather than address its source, the doctors ordered her committed on December 13, 1909. Exactly one month later, on January 13, 1910, J. A. Kitcherside, Medical Superintendent of the Territorial Asylum, signed Minnie’s death certificate. He listed the cause as “cardiac insufficiency.” Did she smother to death while being held down by brutal attendants? Tales of such mistreatment flourish.

Annie Ellis, 35, worked as a laundress to help pay for the family home and lot. Despite her financial contribution to the household, her husband complained that “she does not take care of the house or child and rambles about at all hours of the night.” Even though the doctors noted that she “seemed to be rational,” she was committed on March 22, 1909. A note in her file dated May 5, 1909, states: “…patient expired at Arizona State Hospital while awaiting conditional discharge.”

Exasperated because his wife Clara, 32, became morose during her menstrual periods, E. A. Strong petitioned the court to commit her, testifying that she was not dangerous, but sometimes went without eating or sleeping, “talked in a rambling and incoherent manner,” and whipped her oldest girl “…at times very severely and without reason.” Clara entered the Asylum on December 23, 1902, assuring her husband a worry-free holiday. On April 4, 1903, Dr. W. H. Ward, Medical Superintendent of the Territory Asylum for the Insane, signed a death notice stating that Clara died at the Asylum on April 2, 1903 of “exhaustion from acute mania.”

Lizzie Bowen, 40, whose husband Robert complained of her melancholy and “fits of violence,” told the examining doctors that she believed she was being poisoned. The doctors observed her to be quiet and in fair health without signs of the violence her husband reported, but instead of investigating her assertion that he was trying to kill her, they ordered her committed on March 15, 1906.

Ida Tompkins, 45, was nervous and sleepless, symptoms of menopause. George, her husband, cited “lactation and debility” as further proof of insanity. The judge, noting that George “has means” to pay for her maintenance, committed her on May 11, 1905. George Tompkins and other men of means had little difficulty persuading the doctors and judges to put away irksome women. For instance, H. Wupperman petitioned that his daughter, Gracie, 17, had “nervous prostration,” a nebulous ailment frequently attributed in the court documents to unmanageable women. “She talks incessantly,” the doctors wrote, “and thinks her father is losing his mind and needs looking after.” Could Gracie have been the sane family member? No matter, her father willingly paid her Asylum expenses. She was committed on July 18, 1904.

Maida V. Nelson, 19, traveled to Arizona early in 1908 to live with her married sister. Five weeks later, Elijah Allan, her brother-in-law, had endured enough of Maida’s presence to petition the court for her commitment. He declared, “She is very absent-minded, cannot carry on a long conversation, refuses at times to eat, and would wander off and become lost if not watched.” He attributed these traits to cessation of her menses, a trauma he blamed on her father whom he regarded as “a peculiar man, studying and

thinking abnormally on religious subjects.” The examining doctors found Maida to be quiet and orderly, but cited gradual deterioration of her memory as reason to commit her.

The medical examiners who correlated behaviors typical of pregnant and menstruating women with insanity also erred in sorting out those with true physical ailments. Sadie Vaughn, 33, was arrested by Special Deputy Ike Ford after an attack of “nervous prostration.” In his petition, Ford wrote, “(Sadie) has no mind of her own, talks in an irrational manner, and is subject to fits of complete collapse.” Sadie was committed February 4, 1905 by court doctors who observed her to be “…very filthy, noisy…and an epileptic.”

Like Sadie, Ola May Farley, 18, was an epileptic. Her father, John Farley, stated that she threatened to kill herself and others, possessed an uncontrollable temper, and had epileptic fits. The examiners found her to be in good physical condition, clean, and quiet, but committed her on December 3, 1906, citing her “inability to remember things.”

Dolores Latusmado, 29, a Mexican domestic, appeared before the court on petition from Deputy Sheriff Oscar Roberts who arrested her because she “is an epileptic, is not all right, will not care for her children, and does not sleep.” The doctors noted that she “does not answer questions intelligently.” Could language have been a barrier? They committed her on February 1, 1904 because of “monthly epileptic attacks,” her tendency to become “hysterical at mention of husband or children,” and constant crying.

Cordelia Ivy, 23, was committed in early 1903 following her father’s complaint that she had wandered away from home and talked in an irrational way for fifteen years. The court doctor observed, “Cordelia seems to be deaf…does not seem to understand all that is said to her,” and “has fits of temper.” Like other women suffering from epilepsy or deafness, Cordelia likely spent the rest of her days in confinement.

While most unwanted women were sent to the Territorial Asylum by husbands and fathers, some had meddling friends to blame for their incarceration. Maggie Black, 36, made the mistake of confiding to William Dohency that she suspected her husband of indiscretions while he was away from home working at Mammoth Mine in Pima County. In his petition, Dohency declared that Maggie “talks incoherently at times” and “is unable to take care of herself and her children while her husband works out of town.” The doctors noted that Maggie “had muscular twitching, want of coordination,” and talked of expecting “her ranch to be burned and her children killed because her husband is untrue.” Concluding, “in our opinion this is temporary,” they committed her on April 26, 1906, giving her husband all the more reason to carouse.

Charles E. Hazelton petitioned for the commitment of his friend, Louise Miller, 33, on the basis of her “incoherent talk, nerves, poor sleep habits, and fear of her divorced husband.” In the presence of the court doctors, Louise “was nervous and prayed, walked about combing her hair, drinking large quantities of water, and speaking of things she saw.” On December 16, 1909, her ex-husband ceased to be her primary fear.

Numerous women became familiar with the Asylum on a revolving door basis. Carrie List, 50, was the subject of two separate commitments, the first on February 3, 1904 when her son, John List, told the court she took poison and threatened to kill her husband. He attributed her behavior to “irritation in home life.” The doctors remarked about her “tremendous good appearance,” yet sent her to the Asylum. Her release the following year was short-lived. On November 18, 1905, a friend, J. Holley, petitioned for her re-commitment. “She is excitable and talks insane,” he reported, expressing astonishment that “she has left home and refuses to return,” and threatens to “throw her mother-in-law out of the house using force, if necessary.” The doctors, concurring that Carrie “is erratic and very talkative,” punished her for acting up before the over-bearing husband, ungrateful children, and spiteful in-law.

These representative victims of ignorance were mere blips in the early history of the Arizona Territory, the promised land, whose lawgivers tacitly condoned disposal of troublesome women to the insane asylum. Today the State of Arizona ranks second nationally in domestic violence-related murders of women by men.

Who’s crazy now?

Top Ten Ways to Manage Profit at Your Online or Community Pharmacy

An online or community pharmacy must be carefully managed for optimum profitability; occasionally, changes to business processes and marketing strategies should be implemented in order to open up new streams of income, while also improving the success of promotional activities. If you’re looking for ways to make more money through your drugstore, you’ll appreciate these top ten tips for managing profit:

10.) Diversify- Open up your business to new customers by adding holistic herbal products to your inventory. For example, if you currently sell OTC pain relievers, prescription medications, and conventional health aids, why not begin offering your clientele herbal supplements that treat health care conditions in a more holistic way? There is a big market for alternative medicines, and herbal remedies are now more popular than ever before.

9.) Cross-Sell -Make the most of your inventory by using cross-selling techniques to bundle related products. For example, if you’re running an online pharmacy, make sure that your checkout area is programmed with sections that show complementary items. “Bundle” vitamins with delicious herbal teas, prescription medications with special pill boxes that help people to keep their tablets organized, and so on. Offering a few percent off the total price on cross-sold goods is an excellent way to add appeal to this sales technique. People often buy impulsively at the checkout, so cross-selling is an excellent way to boost your profits quickly.

8.) Use Social Media- Create a buzz by promoting your pharmacy on the hottest social networking platforms, such as Google+, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Tumblr and Pinterest. If you promote properly, the investment of time and energy that you put into reaching out to customers at these websites will definitely pay off. Add photos, blog posts, status updates, and special offers to tempt new buyers, and always respond to any feedback as soon as possible.

7.) Analyze Your Sales- Successful health care entrepreneurs never rest on their laurels; instead, they stay on top of things by analyzing their sales numbers and figuring out exactly which products are most appealing to their clients. To offer people what they really want, check all of your sales records to pinpoint buying trends. Then, consider offering different versions of the items that people buy the most.

6.) Target Your Ideal Customer- Business research doesn’t stop with sales analyses; you must also use market research to profile your ideal customer. Knowing who’s buying from your pharmacy is the key to marketing effectively and stocking your drugstore properly. Use client information to find out where your ideal customer lives and what his or her needs are. Then, market to that demographic or segment.

5.) Become an Expert- Position yourself as an expert in the pharmacy world by writing articles about pharmacy products, offering health care advice, or speaking to your local community. Becoming an expert builds your public profile and creates more trust and rapport with new and existing clientele.

4.) Create a Smart Phone-friendly Website- Today, many shoppers check out businesses online before they buy, and they often use their smartphones to browse the World Wide Web. If your pharmacy website isn’t compatible with a range of electronic devices, including smart phones, it’s time to hire a web development firm that knows how to create a smart phone-friendly environment at your url.

3.) Freshen Your Website Graphics- Nothing is more unappealing than a dated, dusty-looking website that doesn’t have any of the bells and whistles. If you don’t freshen up your graphics to stay current, your customers will soon lose interest. The best pharmacy entrepreneurs know how to adapt to change and keep things interesting; these savvy owner/managers always outsource for the hottest new web design graphics.

2.) Build More Interactivity into Your Pharmacy Web Pages- Whether you’re selling pharmacological products from a community or online pharmacy, you must still offer a business website that acts as a virtual calling card for your company. By building more interactivity into every web page on your website, you’ll create the right atmosphere for success. Hire a web design firm and ask them to add sharing buttons for social media, comment fields, and message boards to boost the appeal and interactivity of your website.

1.) Support a Charity- Your pharmacy is all about the health and wellness of your clients; with this in mind, why not support a charity that also promotes these values? By joining with a reputable and registered charity and donating money and/or time, you will create plenty of publicity and lots of goodwill towards your company. Often, donating to charity is much cheaper than paying for ads, and it’s so fulfilling. Meet prospective clients at local charity events, or donate online and enjoy a better public image that will build your brand.

How Much Does a Pharmacy Technician Earn?

Average earning of a particular profession is perhaps one of the most important parameters that help you decide in favor of or against it. And why shouldn’t it be? Who wouldn’t like to take back home decent wages at the end of a hard day’s work? After all, money plays a vital role in shaping the standard of your life. It is important for securing your family’s and your own future. So, whoever said money should not be a consideration while choosing a career has probably never lived without it.

If you are exploring a pharmacy technician career, then this question must be at the top of your head. We’re here to help answer some of your questions regarding how much they earn on an average.

However, before we get into details about pharmacy techs pay, it’s important to understand what the job entails. Because just like money is important, so is enjoying what you do for a living!

Pharmacy Technician Career

Let’s start with what pharmacy technicians can’t do or rather are not supposed to do. They are absolutely forbidden from giving medical advice to patients who visit their pharmacies. They are not qualified to do so; hence they should resist the urge to not just offer medical advice, but also guide patients on what medication may work better for their condition irrespective of how knowledgeable and experienced they think they are.

Although the duties and responsibilities of a them may vary depending on the type of facility they’re employed in, but in general their day-to-day work involves:

Receiving prescriptions and verifying them for accuracy
Filling prescription medications and labeling them correctly
Preparing intravenous mixtures under supervision
Assisting the pharmacist in inventory management
Answering telephone queries from patients
Storing drugs in a safe and secure manner
Maintaining patient records for reference
Preparing and processing insurance claim forms
Interfacing with customers who visit the store
Operating cash register at checkout
Pharmacy Technician Training

It’s best to start training for a pharmacy technician career in high school itself by taking courses in math, biology, chemistry, computers, etc.

Once you’ve laid the ground by taking appropriate courses in high school, you can choose between a college degree and a vocational pharmacy technician course offered at career schools. A college degree will require a minimum of two years for completion, while a career training course can be completed in a matter of few months.

What’s important is to get certified at the end of your academic study or pharmacy technician training program. Although certification is a hundred percent voluntary, having it just enhances your credibility and with it your job prospects. Certifying examinations are held by organizations like the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) and the Institute for the Certification of Pharmacy Technicians (ICPT).

Pharmacy technician training should ideally include hands-on experience working in a pharmacy. This training could be incorporated in the curriculum of your pharmacy technician program or you may have to request for an intern position at your local pharmacy.

Pharmacy Technician Pay

The exact earnings of a pharmacy tech depend to a great extent on not just the type of facility he or she is employed in, but also other factors like:

The average hourly wages of a pharmacy technician range from $8.03 – $15.56.1 Those who work for a franchise may earn between $7.86 and $13.87 per hour, while pharmacy techs employed in hospitals take home about $9.49 – $19.02. 2

When it comes to experience-level, pharmacy techs with less than one year of experience earn $7.68 – $13.36 per hour, while those with 5-9 years of experience make $9.17 – $17.27 per hour.3

Pharmacy Technician Schools – Things You Should Know

Being a pharmacy technician is quite demanding especially since you are supposed to have enough knowledge of all the types of drugs available, including the latest ones. Also, you have to understand the current laws governing this profession. It is also a must that you understand the existing insurance practices. So, for you to succeed in this career, you have to find the best pharmacy technician training schools. Having enough training before you venture into this industry will help you to cut an edge over the others. Training is also important because it gives you enough skills to do your work well.

So if you really want to become effective in your work as a technician in the medical field, you have to study hard and acquire all the necessary skills. The good thing is that there are many pharmacy technician schools that provide quality training. But before you join any institution for a course in pharmacy technology there are several important things that you have to aware of. Once you have understood these aspects it will be easier for you to become the technologist that you have always wanted. This passage strives to provide you with some of these aspects so that your search for the right institution can be successful.

Points to Note about Pharmacy Technician Schools

• Thorough preparation: Because of the demanding nature of this job, it is imperative that you get enough exposure before venturing into the industry. You have to familiarize yourself with the requirements for this task. This can only be achieved through formal training in a good school. These institutions are important in preparing individuals who wish to venture into this challenging field of medicine. You have to note that even though pharmacy technicians are in demand, more qualified technologists are very much needed.

• Accreditation: If you wish to become a more reliable technologist, you should and must have the right accreditations. These include things like certificates, licenses, recommendations, approval, and so on. The truth is that you cannot get these accreditations without having undergone proper training. Therefore, you should always ensure that the pharmacy technician schools that you consider are credible enough to give you good certificates. Always go for the well established institutions because they are more reliable. Remember, if you do not get the right certificates you won’t the right job.

• Earn more: Having enough training in a credible institution gives you confidence to work in any kind of environment. This in turn gives you a chance to prove your experience to your employers, giving you a better chance of being promoted or given a pay increment. These schools will help you to gain experience in pharmacy technology and thus become the most sought after technologist in your state.

All About Pharmacy Technician Schools

In many countries today, healthcare industry employment continues even while other industries falter, making a health service job a good choice for anyone considering a new career.

Pharmacy technician jobs are one of the main positions seeing drastic increases with hiring expected to increase as much as 25 percent over the next few years. This is a great opportunity for anyone with good attention to detail to consider a career as a Pharmacy Technician or `PT`, especially since it is possible to complete certification programs at reputable pharmacy technician schools in as little as two years and get into a well-paying job soon afterward.

Different Types of Pharmacy Technician Schools

In the US and Canada, some PT jobs do not require any certification or schooling although most do. Those who have schooling and certification are definitely preferable for positions, however, making schooling something that anyone looking at a career as a PT should consider very seriously.

In all likelihood, more jobs will move toward requiring certification as well, so skipping the education may reduce job hire and advancement opportunity.

Pharmacy Technician education is available in programs that last anywhere from 6 months to two years or more, depending on the depth of training.

Like many other medical training and technical programs, the shorter programs give a basic, fundamental overview of what to expect on the job and general education relating to basic pharmacology, pharmacology law, pharmacology records, inventory, labeling, ordering and many other relevant topics to working in a retail pharmacy environment.

Courses and diploma programs

Students that attend the shorter programs usually earn a Pharmacy Technician Certificate for completion of the program, but have no actual approved certifications.

Longer courses offered by schools include specialized diploma programs and Associates Degree courses that last between about 12 months to 24 months.

Diploma programs are great for students who already have some healthcare service experience and want to move into a position as a PT, as well as those entering the field new.

Study usually includes all that is mentioned above, plus pharmacology in more detail, dosage calculation, mixing medications and others, and usually includes an externship to prepare students to take the certification exam. Students completing a diploma course and passing their certification exam will earn the title of Certified Pharmacy Technician or CPhT.

Associates in Health Sciences with a PT specialty takes two years and is recommended for any individual if there is an interest in both obtaining a college degree, and being able to advance the fastest in their career.

Courses of study are much more in depth and include additional medical subjects. Externships are a required part of the curriculum, as is passing the certification examination. Those with their CPhT and an AS degree stand the best chance of being hired in non-retail pharmacy technician positions, and starting at the highest salaries.

Accredited vocational program

In the UK and many other countries a pharmacy technician is required to complete both an accredited vocational program in pharmacy services and a pharmaceutical science program, and must be registered with numerous UK healthcare organizations.

Courses of study include that which is mentioned above, as well as medicines management for patients and training in running and assisting in hospital clinics and more.

Please note however, in the UK there is a difference between a pharmacy technician and a pharmacy dispenser, with the former having more vocational and educational requirements.

Interested individuals are advised to contact local professional organizations in order to get additional details about attending school to become a PT such as which are the best courses and whether they offer job placement and financial aid.

In the US, contact the American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPA) or the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB), in the UK contact the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPC) and in Canada the Canadian Association of Pharmacy Technicians (CAPT) to name a few.

Employment After Attending PT Schools

There are actually many more employment opportunities for PTs than most people assume. While the majority of jobs are in retail pharmacy positions there are much more specialized career options for pharmacy techs with the right training.

Hospitals, medication manufacturing and packing companies, medication compounding pharmacies, nursing homes, psychiatric facilities and any type of medical facility that either fills medication prescriptions or dispenses medications directly to patients make use of pharmacy technicians.

These positions can be very rewarding, and tend to pay more as well. Certain qualified technicians also have the ability to counsel consumers and patients on the use of their medications, as well as answer medication questions.

In any case, attending schools that offer the most detailed training and externships, and prepare students to become Certified Pharmacy Technicians are highly recommended for anyone interested in a career in healthcare services that pays well and offers plenty of room for advancement.

Know About Pharmacy Technicians

Pharmacy Technicians are these individuals, who assist licensed Pharmacists to manage and run a pharmacy. Their basic job duties include, safe and effective serving of the customers, provide medications to customers and patients, inform them about various effects and side effects of the drugs, handle cash counter, label the drug bottles and perform numerous other regular pharmacy works.

They work in different types of pharmacies, such as drug stores, retail pharmacies, chain pharmacies and hospital pharmacies. They are also well versed with state and federal pharmacy laws, rules and regulations for effective and safe serving of the patients.

In order to work in a Pharmacy, formal education is not necessary and on-the job training is sufficient. But, appropriate certification, degree, certificate and diploma offer, better career opportunities and lucrative salary. Moreover, the continuous scientific advancement in medical sciences and discoveries of new life saving drugs have also spurted greater demand of medications for sound health cares. Such advancements have also led to the mushrooming of pharmacies all over the country. These drug store owners and hospital medication stores also seek well qualified, trained and efficient technicians to work in their Pharmacy.

A medical store technician can avail different types of Pharmacy training programs from various community colleges, schools and trade schools. Even, numerous online courses are available for obtaining various pharmacy degrees. The duration of training program ranges from less than a year to two years. The training program consists of classroom and on-the job trainings.

The Certification is offered by PTCB and to earn this certification, it is necessary for the pharmacy personnel to pass the competency evaluation test of the certification board. The eligibility of Pharmacy Technician Certification Board certification is high school degree and no felony conviction within 5 years of applying for the certification.

The average pharmacy technician wage is $25,000 to $40,000, depending upon the qualification, education, training and experience. The hourly salary can be estimated at $ 9 to $17.

All You Need to Know About Pharmacy Programs

The pharmaceutical industry is one of the most lucrative and numerous fields such that people decide to start a career in this field every single day, and for good reasons. If you want to find out more about this topic and see if a pharmaceutical career would be suitable for you, read below for all you need to know about pharmacy programs.

• You can enroll in a college that offers pharmacy programs immediately after finishing high school. You also have the option of transferring from another college, provided that you have completed a few prerequisite courses with a curriculum similar to the ones followed at the college offering the pharmacy programs. The prerequisite courses revolve around topics such as chemistry, biology, calculus, and physics.

• The application form for pharmacy programs can be easily downloaded online. Students interested in applying have to fill it out and send it via mail post to the college offering the program, before a predetermined a deadline. Each institution that offers pharmacy programs establishes its own requirements for admission, so make sure you study them thoroughly before applying. The most common requirement is having a certain GPA (Grade Point Average), usually above 2.5. Additionally, most colleges will also require students to pass an exam called the Pharmacy College Admissions Test, or PCAT for short, before they are allowed to enroll in the program.

• A professional pharmacy program will award you the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D) upon successful completion of the courses. The program lasts for six years and it is divided in two sections: the first two years include pre pharmacy training course, while the remaining four years focus on professional pharmaceutical training. Transfer students from other teaching institutions will be able to enroll directly in the second section of the program.

• Throughout the six years of pharmacy programs, students will gain expertise on topics such as prescription and over-the-counter drugs, uses of medications, doses and times of administration, adverse reactions and side effects, as well as various mixtures of medicines. Pharmacy professionals will be able to work in drug stores, pharmacies, hospitals, medical facilities, department stores, or general merchandise stores.

• After completing the program and receiving the Doctor of Pharmacy degree, students will be able to schedule their examination with the pharmacy licensing board in order to obtain their license and to be able to practice as a pharmacist. Passing this exam is an absolute requirement in all states of the US and it is called the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX).

• Some pharmacy programs allow students in their sixth and final year multiple specialization options. Students can choose between Pharmacy Care, Pharmaceutical Sciences, or Health Service Research.

These are the most important things anyone wishing to attend pharmacy programs should know about. Becoming a professional pharmacist can be a very rewarding career choice. So if you are not sure what path you want to take in life, make sure you give this option some consideration; it might just be exactly what you are looking for.